Species Information

Click on each species to view information, image and references.


Biocontrol Agents - 79 Species

Subject Name Scientific Name Order Family
bindweed gall miteAceria malherbae Nuzzaci, 1985 AcariEriophyidae
hemlock woolly adelgidAdelges tsugae Annand, 1924 HemipteraAdelgidae
sulfur knapweed root mothAgapeta zoegana (Linnaeus) LepidopteraCochylidae
defoliating hemlock mothAgonopterix alstroemeriana (Clerck) LepidopteraOecophoridae
St. Johnswort beetleAgrilus hyperici (Creutzer, 1799) ColeopteraBuprestidae
flea beetleAltica carduorum (Guérin-Méneville, 1858) ColeopteraChrysomelidae
brown dot leafy spurge flea beetleAphthona cyparissiae (Koch, 1803) ColeopteraChrysomelidae
black leafy spurge flea beetleAphthona czwalinae Weise, 1888 ColeopteraChrysomelidae
copper leafy spurge flea beetleAphthona flava Guillebeau, 1894 ColeopteraChrysomelidae
brown-legged spurge flea beetleAphthona lacertosa (Rosenhauer, 1847) ColeopteraChrysomelidae
black dot spurge flea beetleAphthona nigriscutis Foudras, 1860 ColeopteraChrysomelidae
flea beetlesAphthona spp. Chevrolat, 1836 ColeopteraChrysomelidae
St. Johnswort InchwormAplocera plagiata (Linnaeus) LepidopteraGeometridae
broad-nosed knapweed seed head weevilBangasternus fausti (Reitter, 1890) ColeopteraCurculionidae
yellow starthistle bud weevilBangasternus orientalis (Capiomont, 1873) ColeopteraCurculionidae
gray moldBotrytis cinerea Pers.:Fr Incertae sedisIncertae sedis
toadflax flower-eating beetleBrachypterolus pulicarius (Linnaeus, 1758) ColeopteraBrachypteridae
rush skeletonweed root mothBradyrrhoa gilveolella (Treitschke, 1832) LepidopteraPyralidae
broom seed beetleBruchidius villosus (Fabricius, 1792) ColeopteraBruchidae
Toadflax BrocadeCalophasia lunula (Hufnagel) LepidopteraNoctuidae
thistle tortoise beetleCassida rubiginosa Müller, 1776 ColeopteraChrysomelidae
Canada thistle stem mining weevilCeutorhynchus litura (Fabricius, 1775) ColeopteraCurculionidae
knapweed peacock flyChaetorellia acrolophi White & Marquardt, 1989 DipteraTephritidae
clearwing mothChamaesphecia empiformis Esper 1783 LepidopteraSesiidae
musk thistle flower flyCheilosia corydon (Harris, 1780) DipteraSyrphidae
St. Johnswort beetleChrysolina hyperici (Forster, 1771) ColeopteraChrysomelidae
klamathweed beetleChrysolina quadrigemina (Suffrian, 1851) ColeopteraChrysomelidae
leaf beetleChrysolina spp. Motschulsky 1860 ColeopteraChrysomelidae
Canada thistleCirsium arvense (L.) Scop. AsteralesAsteraceae
Russian thistle mothColeophora klimeschiella Toll 1952 LepidopteraColeophoridae
Russian thistle stem minerColeophora parthenica Meyrick LepidopteraColeophoridae
lace bugCorythucha distincta Osborn & Drake, 1916 HemipteraTingidae
knapweed root weevilCyphocleonus achates (Fahraeus, 1842) ColeopteraCurculionidae
skeletonweed gall midgeCystiphora schmidti (Rubsaamen, 1914) DipteraCecidomyiidae
Mediterranean tamarisk beetleDiorhabda elongata (Brulle, 1832) ColeopteraChrysomelidae
crapemyrtle bark scaleEriococcus lagerstroemiae Kuwana, 1907 HemipteraEriococcidae
skeletonweed gall miteEriophyes chondrillae Canestrini AcariEriophyidae
yellow starthistle hairy weevilEustenopus villosus (Boheman, 1843) ColeopteraCurculionidae
Scottish broom seed weevilExapion fuscirostre (Fabricius, 1775) ColeopteraBrentidae
black-margined loosestrife beetleGalerucella calmariensis (Linnaeus, 1767 ColeopteraChrysomelidae
golden loosestrife beetleGalerucella pusilla (Duftschmid, 1825) ColeopteraChrysomelidae
leaf beetlesGalerucella spp. Crotch, 1873 ColeopteraChrysomelidae
toadflax capsule weevilGymnetron antirrhini (Paykull, 1800) ColeopteraCurculionidae
root galling weevilGymnetron linariae (Panzer, 1792) ColeopteraCurculionidae
toadflax weevilGymnetron spp. (Schönherr 1825) ColeopteraCurculionidae
brown marmorated stink bugHalyomorpha halys (Stal) HemipteraPentatomidae
spurge hawkmothHyles euphorbiae (Linnaeus) LepidopteraSphingidae
root-boring weevilHylobius transversovittatus (Goeze, 1777) ColeopteraCurculionidae
gall midgeJaapiella ivannikovi Fedotova, 1985 DipteraCecidomyiidae
yellow starthistle flower weevilLarinus curtus Hochhut, 1851 ColeopteraCurculionidae
lesser knapweed flower weevilLarinus minutus Gyllenhal, 1836 ColeopteraCurculionidae
blunt knapweed flower weevilLarinus obtusus Gyllenhal, 1836 ColeopteraCurculionidae
Canada thistle bud weevilLarinus planus (Fabricius, 1792) ColeopteraCurculionidae
weevilLarinus spp. Dejean, 1821 ColeopteraCurculionidae
ragwort flea beetleLongitarsus jacobaea (Waterhouse, 1858) ColeopteraChrysomelidae
stem-boring weevilMecinus janthinus (Germar, 1817) ColeopteraCurculionidae
knapweed seedhead mothMetzneria paucipunctella Zeller LepidopteraGelechiidae
puncturevine seed weevilMicrolarinus lareynii (Jacquelin du Val, 1852) ColeopteraCurculionidae
puncturevine stem weevilMicrolarinus lypriformis (Wollaston, 1861) ColeopteraCurculionidae
flower feeding weevilNanophyes marmoratus (Goeze, 1777) ColeopteraBrentidae
leafy spurge stem boring beetleOberea erythrocephala (Schrank, 1776) ColeopteraCerambycidae
Mediterranean sage root crown weevilPhrydiuchus tau Warner, 1969 ColeopteraCurculionidae
brown-winged knapweed mothPterolonche inspersa Staudinger LepidopteraPterolonchidae
musk thistle head weevilRhinocyllus conicus (Frölich, 1792) ColeopteraCurculionidae
mile-a-minute weevil Rhinoncomimus latipes Korotyaev, 1997 ColeopteraCurculionidae
defoliator mothSimyra dentinosa Freyer LepidopteraNoctuidae
bronze knapweed root borerSphenoptera jugoslavica Obenberger, 1926 ColeopteraBuprestidae
leafy spurge gall midgeSpurgia esulae Gagne, 1990 DipteraCecidomyiidae
stem-gall nematodeSubanguina picridis (Kirj.) Brezeski. TylenchidaAnguinidae
green knapweed clearwing flyTerellia virens (Loew, 1846) DipteraTephritidae
thistle crown weevilTrichosirocalus horridus (Panzer, 1801) ColeopteraCurculionidae
field bindweed mothTyta luctuosa (Denis & Schiffermüller) LepidopteraErebidae
knapweed gall flyUrophora affinis (Frauenfeld, 1857) DipteraTephritidae
Canada thistle stem-gall flyUrophora cardui (Linnaeus, 1758) DipteraTephritidae
UV knapweed seed head flyUrophora quadrifasciata (Meigen, 1826) DipteraTephritidae
yellow star thistle gall flyUrophora sirunaseva (Hering, 1938) DipteraTephritidae
gall fliesUrophora spp. Robineau-Desvoidy 1830 DipteraTephritidae
redbay ambrosia beetleXyleborus glabratus Eichhoff, 1877 ColeopteraCurculionidae
St. Johnswort midgeZeuxidiplosis giardi (Kieffer, 1896) DipteraCecidomyiidae

Host Plants - 42 Species

Subject Name Scientific Name
common St. JohnswortHypericum perforatum L.
saltcedarTamarix ramosissima Ledeb.
Mediterranean sageSalvia aethiopis L.
Scotch broomCytisus scoparius (L.) Link
Italian plumeless thistleCarduus pycnocephalus L.
common beanPhaseolus vulgaris L.
purple loosestrifeLythrum salicaria L.
mile-a-minute vinePersicaria perfoliata (L.) H. Gross
dalmatian toadflaxLinaria dalmatica ssp. dalmatica (L.) P. Mill.
appleMalus domestica Borkh.
strawberryFragaria x ananassa Duchesne ex Rozier [chiloensis × virginiana]
bull thistleCirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.
field bindweedConvolvulus arvensis L.
poison-hemlockConium maculatum L.
rush skeletonweedChondrilla juncea L.
diffuse knapweedCentaurea diffusa Lam.
squarrose knapweedCentaurea virgata ssp. squarrosa Lam.
crapemyrtle bark scaleEriococcus lagerstroemiae Kuwana, 1907
spotted knapweedCentaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek
spiny plumeless thistleCarduus acanthoides L.
yellow toadflaxLinaria vulgaris P. Mill.
tansy ragwortSenecio jacobaea L.
toadflaxLinaria spp. P. Mill.
Dalmatian toadflaxLinaria dalmatica (L.) P. Mill.
Russian-thistleSalsola tragus L.
musk thistleCarduus nutans L.
Russian knapweedRhaponticum repens (L.) Hidalgo
yellow starthistleCentaurea solstitialis L.
cornZea mays L.
knapweedsCentaurea spp. L.
plumeless thistleCarduus spp. L.
Canada thistleCirsium arvense (L.) Scop.
tree-of-heavenAilanthus altissima (P. Mill.) Swingle
tamariskTamarix spp. L.
slenderflower thistleCarduus tenuiflorus W. Curtis
Scotch thistleOnopordum acanthium L.
leafy spurgeEuphorbia esula L.
puncturevineTribulus terrestris L.
meadow knapweedCentaurea moncktonii C. E. Britton[C. jacea X C. nigra]
halogetonHalogeton glomeratus (Bieb.) C.A. Mey.
peachPrunus persica (L.) Batsch
crapemyrtleLagerstroemia indica L.


Bugwood Center Developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Last updated on Monday, August 04, 2014 at 12:49 PM