Early Detection Species (Common Names)

Early Detection

Early Detection List
(Alphabetical by Common Name)

This is a list of Early Detection Species (EDS) for New England. This list is not meant to imply that all these species are EDS for each state. Rather, the Table by States and Life Forms depicts which should be considered as EDS in each state. It is based on the biological potential of the species for widespread invasions into areas where it is not currently known. The list has been generated from a variety of different sources including herbarium specimens, published lists, literature, federal and state early detection efforts and the observations of numerous botanists and naturalists. The list is available in both scientific and common names. See Catalog for habitat information. Nomenclature is according to ITIS, the Integrated Taxonomic Information System. This list supersedes all previous lists. Newly discovered incursions of any of these species in states with fewer than 3 known occurrences should be reported immediately.

Amur corktree Phellodrendron amurense Rupr.
Amur honeysuckle Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Maxim.
Amur silvergrass Miscanthus sacchariflorus (Maxim.) Franch.
Brazilian water-weed Egeria densa Planchon
Brittle waternymph Najas minor Allioni
Chocolate vine Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Dcne.
Common frogbit Hydrocharis morsus-ranae L.
Crested late-summer mint Elsholtzia cilitata (Thunb.) Hylander
Curly-leaved pondweed Potamogeton crispus L.
Eurasian water-milfoil Myriophyllum spicatum L.
Fanwort Cabomba caroliniana A. Gray
Fig buttercup Ranunculus ficaria L.
Fineleaf sheep fescue Festuca filiformis Pourret
Flowering-rush Butomus umbellatus L.
Giant Hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier & Levier
Giant salvinia Salvinia molesta Mitchell
Great yellowcress Rorippa amphibia (L.) Bess.
Hairy jointgrass Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
Hydrilla Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Thunb.
Japanese sedge Carex kobomugi Ohwi
Japanese stilt grass Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus
Kudzu Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merrill.
Large gray willow Salix cinerea L.
Marsh thistle Cirsium palustre (L.) Scop.
Mile-a-minute vine Polygonum perfoliatum L.
Narrowleaf bittercress Cardamine impatiens L.
Ornamental jewelweed Impatiens glandulifera Royle
Pale swallow-wort or European swallow-wort Cynanchum rossicum (Kleo.) Barbarich.
Parrotfeather Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc.
Pond water-starwort Callitriche stagnalis Scop.
Princess tree Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.
Reed mannagrass Glyceria maxima (Hartman) Holmburg
Silver hairgrass Aira caryophyllea L.
Slender snake-cotton Froelichia gracilis (Hook.) Moq.
Sweet autumn clematis Clematis terniflora DC.
Tall pepperweed Lepidium latifolium L.
Tansy ragwort or Stinking Willie Senecio jacobaea L.
Tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima (Miller) Swingle
Two-leaf water-milfoil Myriophyllum heterophyllum Michx.
Wall lettuce Mycelis muralis (L.) Dumort.
Water chestnut Trapa natans L.
Water lettuce Pistia stratiotes L.
Water Hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms
Wineberry Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim.
Yellow floating heart Nymphoides peltata (Gmel.) Kuntze
Yellow hornpoppy Glaucium flavum Crantz